Br J Sports Med 2012;46:1030-1037 doi:10.1136/bjsports-2012-091534
Background Data on the injury and illness risk among young elite athletes are of utmost importance, because injuries and illnesses can counter the beneficial effects of sports participation at a young age, if children or adolescents are unable to continue to participate because of residual effects of injury or chronic illness.
Objective To analyse the frequencies and characteristics of injuries and illnesses during the 2012 Innsbruck Winter Youth Olympic Games (IYOG).
Methods We employed the International Olympic Committee (IOC) injury surveillance system for multisport events, which was updated for the Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver 2010. All National Olympic Committees (NOCs) were asked to report the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of newly sustained injuries and illnesses on a standardised reporting form. In addition, information on athletes treated for injuries and illnesses by the Local Organizing Committee medical services was retrieved from the medical centre at the Youth Olympic Village and from the University hospital in Innsbruck.
Results Among the 1021 registered athletes (45% women, 55% men) from 69 NOCs, a total of 111 injuries and 86 illnesses, during the IYOG, were reported, resulting in an incidence of 108.7 injuries and 84.2 illnesses per 1000 registered athletes, respectively. Injury frequency was highest in skiing in the halfpipe (44%) and snowboarding (halfpipe and slope style: 35%), followed by ski cross (17%), ice hockey (15%), alpine skiing (14%) and figure skating (12%), taking into account the respective number of participating athletes. Knee, pelvis, head, lower back and shoulders were the most common injury locations. About 60% of injuries occurred in competition and about 40% in training, respectively. In total, 32% of the injuries resulted in an absence from training or competition. With regard to illnesses, 11% of women and 6% of men suffered from an illness (RR=1.84 (95% CI 1.21 to 2.78), p=0.003). The respiratory system was affected most often (61%).
Conclusions Eleven per cent of the athletes suffered from an injury and 9% from illnesses, during the IYOG. The presented data constitute the basis for future analyses of injury mechanisms and associated risk factors in Olympic Winter sports, which, in turn, will be essential to develop and implement effective preventive strategies for young elite winter-sport athletes.
To access the full article click here: http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/46/15/1030.abstract
Injuries sustained in sport and physical activities are not a new topic and notwithstanding the current media spotlight we still know very little about the true rate of injuries or effective strategies to reduce the risk of injury. A benefit of the recent attention is a growing momentum to engage a wider group of stakeholders in the discussions about the impact of such injuries. Part of this discussion has identified a growing gap in research and through surveys such as this one researchers, community stakeholders and decision makers will gain a better understanding of the injury issue in sport and physical activity in Ontario. This survey is an initial step within the larger Play Safe Initiative strategy to understand injury in sport and physical activity through collaboration, research and knowledge exchange. Responses will be kept confidential and will only be reported in aggregate. This survey and research protocol has been reviewed by the Ethics Review Board of Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and LakeheadUniversity. For questions about this survey please contact Dr. Susan L. Forbes (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Link to survey:
Please find below the meeting notes from the Stewardship Meeting held on April 10, 2012.
We are happy to share news of the launch earlier today of two brain injury guides . PSI, along with a number of other organizations had the opportunity to review and endorse these documents.
The "Brain Injury Guide for Youth" aims to help young people understand the effects of brain injury. "Understanding Brain Injury in Adolescence" is targeted at parents, coaches, educators and those that work with youth.
These documents are not sport specific and as such can be shared in a variety of settings including sport, recreation, education and healthcare.
You can find the link to both below:
These resources are absolutely free to download from www.teenmentalhealth.org - a collaboration between IWK Health Centre, Dalhousie University and Sun Life Financial. We encourage everyone to share these links on websites and with networks where at all possible.
With pleasure and gratitude we announce that PSI has received funding from the Ontario Trillium Foundation to build capacity for the implementation of the Play Safe Initiative, a collaborative effort of the sport, education, recreation and health sectors to develop injury prevention strategies. The initiative provides a platform for injury surveillance, data collection and analysis to support resources, programs, education and policies to reduce and prevent injury during physical activity.
For announcement: http://bit.ly/uAWuPE
We are delighted to announce that Special Olympics Canada has joined the PSI Stewardship Group.
About Special Olympics Canada: Utilizing sport for a better life For decades, Special Olympics Canada has optimized the benefits of a healthy and active lifestyle through sport to improve the wellbeing of individuals with an intellectual disability.
For more information: www.specialoympics.ca
We are delighted to announce that teenmentalhealth.org has joined the PSI Stewardship Group. Teenmentalhealth.org is a project of the Sun Life Financial Chair in Adolescent Mental Health, a partnership between Sun Life Financial, Dalhousie University and IWK Health Centre.
For more information please visit: www.teenmentalhealth.org
We look forward to great future collaborations!
Thunder Bay - Superior North MPP Michael Gravelle recently shared his endorsement of the Play Safe Initiative.
"I am impressed by this cooperation between Ontario partners in health care, sport and recreation, and research and academia, all done in the interest of public health and safety."
We are delighted to receive MPP Gravelle's support.
The Play it Cool researchers are presently recruiting for participation in a research study to evaluate the effectiveness of this program in teaching hockey skills in a way that prevents or minimizes injuries, including concussions.
Play It Cool was developed to help enhance a coach’s ability to teach hockey skills using explicit injury prevention strategies. Currently our team, comprised of researchers from Lakehead, York University, the University of Toronto, Acadia University, the University of New Brunswick and York, is conducting a program evaluation for the Play It Cool Safe Hockey Program.
For more information, please click here.
You have asked the questions and now we have provided the answers on the FAQ page for you to read and share. If you have additional questions about the PSI project, please feel free to ask using the convenient link to form and we will be sure to answer in a timely fashion and share on this page. Click on the link below to see the current questions and answers.